Center for Underwater Archaeology, National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv
Archaeological Finds



Team Dates | Course Objectives | Application Process | Requirements | Location Accommodation | Food | Equipment Health&Safety

Research Area | Sudak Fortress History Pisa Ship | Other Wrecks | Recommended Reading | Report 2006 | Team 2006 | Archive 2005

Amphorae: Ancient - 14th cent. AD Glazed Pottery | Kitchen Pottery | Metal Artefacts & Coins | Glass | Wood and Wooden Artefacts


Diving arrangements:
Diving experience requirements:
Safety arrangements:
Language requirements:
Daily schedule:
Weather conditions:
Traveling arrangements:

Diving arrangements:

What equipment I should bring with me? Can I rent equipment on the excavation site?

We expect everybody to bring your equipment with you (wet suit, mask, snorkel, regulator and BC). Please do not bring tanks and weights. SCUBA tanks, tank fills and weights will be provided on site. If you need to rent any diving gear, the CUA provide you with what you need for the duration of the course; this will be covered by EUR 200. Before checking in at the airport please find out total weight of your equipment and what weight is allowed for free at the air company you will flight with.

What kind of tanks are available?

We use double tanks each 7 liter/150 bar (14liter/150). Type "Ukraina", steel (weight 21 kg). In 2006 we begin to use a hookah compressor donated by J. Sink "The Airline" company. The hookah (or surface supplied air compressor) is an independent floating gasoline powered machine that feeds four air hoses to divers down to 40 feet.

How many tanks of air are you using per person per day? How many times a day are the students diving?

Usually we have one or two dives a day. As the site is not deep (about 10-12 m) working time underwater is 60-70 min with a tank of 14 liter. If the tank is more tem 14 l diver can work underwater longer. So it is rather toilsome to start a second dive and much depends on diver's health, qualification and ability to work underwater.

Do they have yoke or din valve, if I need to be prepared to take adapters?


We use both din and yoke adapters. Thought din regulators will be more practical.

Are wet or dry suits used on site?

A wet suit 7 mm will be enough.

Diving experience requirements:

Do I need to have any experience to take part in the underwater excavations, land excavations?

For the Underwater Archaeological Program:
Field school students must be in the possession of basic scuba certification (either CMAS *, PADI Open Water, or equivalent certification from a recognized agency) and have participated in at least 10 dives.
Training Program Participants must be in the possession of the following scuba certification: either CMAS **, PADI Advanced Open Water, BSAC Advanced Sports Diver, or equivalent certification from a recognized agency, and have participated in at least 50 dives.

For the Sudak Fortress excavations:
You don't need to have previous filed work experience. You will work under the close guidance supervision of archaeologists that will teach you how to excavate and other aspects of the archaeological process.

Safety arrangements:

Do you have a diving emergency plan for the event? Or responsible person at site?

A doctor is available on site and in the camp all the time, and there is a hospital in Sudak which is in charge of the emergency help in the Crimea region.
CUA provides divers and volunteers with a local diving insurance and would recommend them to have an international medical insurance additionally.

Where is the nearest hyperbaric chamber? How long it will take to drive there by car?

The nearest one is around 10 km from the archaeological site (it takes half an hour by car).

Is oxygen available at the diving site for diving emergency?

The oxygen is available in the emergency ambulance car and a lifeboat station.

Language requirements:

How much Ukrainian or Russian do I need to speak?

Knowledge of Russian or Ukrainian, though helpful, is certainly not required as the Ukrainian team members are proficient English speakers. Also lectures will be given in English.

Daily schedule:

What is the student's daily schedule like?


The morning and noon we have diving, after late lunch (or the 2nd lunch) team members usually do daily reporting, recording and work with finds. We have one day off and it is devoted to excursions, walks and outdoor activity, etc.

Weather conditions:

What is the weather like in Sudak and on the excavation site? Water conditions?

Summer is hot enough it is about +25-30o C. It rains sometimes but mostly the weather is warm and dry. Water temperature depends on the summer month. In June it is 14-18 o C, in July it is 18-25 o C and in August 24(23)-20 o C.

What is the estimated visibility at the diving depth?

It depends on the sea and weather conditions. When the water is still the visibility is about 10-15 meters. 

Traveling arrangements:

Is transportation arranged from airport or am I to help myself to get to the site?

The most convenient way to get to the site is to arrive to Kiev then from Kiev to Simferopol using the local trains or airlines. We can help to book tickets for domestic flights or trains. You can pay for tickets directly at the Kiev airport- Borispol. Then we meet you in Simferopol and go to Sudak by car or van. All you need to care for tickets to Kiev and back.


Is transportation arranged from accommodation to diving site?

Yes CUA provide all transports during the expedition.

How difficult is it to get the Ukrainian Visa?

You must hold a valid travel passport. Visas to enter The Ukraine are have been canceled, and are no longer necessary.




© Copyright 2006-2007. The Center for Underwater Archaeology. All rights reserved. Last update: March 2007